solid basics what is one physical characteristic of a solid? solids can be hard like a rock, soft like fur, a big rock like an asteroid, or small rocks like grains of sand. the key is that solids hold their shape and they don't flow like a liquid. a rock will always look like a rock unless something happens to it. the same goes for a diamond.
contents 7g solids, liquids and gases properties of solids, liquids and gases summary activities diffusion introducing states of matter the particle model 22. glossary diffusion particles spreading out and mixing in the gas or liquid state. gas the state of matter in which particles move quickly in all directions and rarely touch each
when a solid is heated above its melting point, it becomes liquid because the pressure is higher than the triple point of the substance. intermolecular or interatomic or interionic forces are still important, but the molecules have enough energy to move around, which makes the structure mobile.
key concepts liquids and solids viscosity pressure from national science education standards: properties of objects and materials. introduction why is it so hard to get out of quicksand? is it a
solids maintain a fixed volume and shape and are not easily compressed. liquids can flow easily and assume the shape of their container but can be easily compressed but it is hard but not as hard as compressing a solid. gases are easily compressed. they also assume the shape of their container and flow easily.
surface tension is one of the most important characteristics of liquids which is responsible for the feeling of wetness when one touches a liquid with bare hands. so, the difference between liquids and fluids boils down to their viscosity as fluids have a higher viscosity such as oils than liquids.
gases have more kinetic energy than liquids. liquids have more kinetic energy than solids. when a substance increases in temperature, heat is being added, and its particles are gaining kinetic energy. because of their close proximity to one another, liquid and solid particles experience intermolecular forces.
some of the essential properties of solids are : 1. a solid has a definite volume and definite shape 2. a solid is rigid and cannot be compressed easily 3. a solid does not diffuse into another solid easily and 4. a solid does not flow and can be stored in a container.
solids, liquids, and gases questions. 1. under what conditions is the ideal gas law most accurate? under what conditions does the ideal gas law break down? why? 2. what are the properties of a gas? 3. what are the main assumptions of the kinetic molecular theory of gases? 4.
solids are objects you can hold and maintain their shape. gases are floating around you or trapped in bubbles. liquids are found between the solid and gas states. examples of liquids at room temperature include water h 2 o , blood, and even honey. if you have different types of molecules dissolved in a liquid, it is called a solution. honey is a solution of sugar, water, and other molecules.
like liquids, gases have no definite shape, but unlike solids and liquids, gases have no definite volume either. figure \ \pageindex 3 \ : a representation of the solid, liquid, and gas states. a solid has definite volume and shape, a liquid has a definite volume but no definite shape, and a gas has neither a definite volume nor shape.
a substance may transition from liquid to gas by boiling, from liquid to solid by freezing, and from solid to liquid by melting. ice, liquid water and water vapor may consist of the same molecules, but they differ in several important ways. for example, it's difficult to compress a solid or liquid to a large degree, but you can easily compress a gas.
liquids can be described by their properties of color, texture and viscosity. color liquids can be any color or colorless. texture liquids can feel sticky, gooey, slippery, or watery to the touch. viscosity viscosity is the resistance to flow.
solid vibrate jiggle but generally do not move from place to place. liquids and solids are often referred to as condensed phases because the particles are very close together. the following table summarizes properties of gases, liquids, and solids and identifies the microscopic behavior responsible for each property.
liquids take on the shape of their container. the liquid state of matter is an intermediate phase between solid and gas. like the particles of a solid, particles in a liquid are subject to intermolecular attraction; however, liquid particles have more space between them, so they are not fixed in position.
liquid, in physics, one of the three principal states of matter, intermediate between gas and crystalline solid. physical properties of liquids. the most obvious physical properties of a liquid are its retention of volume and its conformation to the shape of its container.
while solids have certain shape and volume, liquids only have definite volume but not shape, gases neither have shape nor volume. the level of energy is highest in gases, medium in liquid and lowest in solids. the compression of solids is difficult, liquids are nearly incompressible,
water is a monomer. each molecule has two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. the molecules are small, and can slide past each other really easily. polymers are substances that are made up of long chains of molecules. the long chains give them properties of both a solid and a liquid.
in crystalline solids, the atoms, ions or molecules are arranged in an ordered and symmetrical pattern that is repeated over the entire crystal. the smallest repeating structure of a solid is called a unit cell, which is like a brick in a wall. unit cells combine to form a network called a crystal lattice.
properties of liquids; properties of solids; physical properties of liquids; contributors; learning objectives. to be familiar with the kinetic molecular description of liquids. the physical properties of a substance depends upon its physical state. water vapor, liquid water and ice all have the same chemical properties, but their physical properties are considerably different.
each physical state of matter possesses characteristics properties of its own. for example: solids are rigid, and incompressible, liquids are almost incompressible but less incompressible than solids, gases are highly compressible, i.e. gases can be compressed easily by applying pressure.
other, more familiar substances change states from solids to liquids to gases when we change the temperature, such as freezing water into ice or boiling it away into steam. but this simple mixture shows how changes in pressure, instead of temperature, can change the properties of some materials.
there are three main states of matter: solids, liquids and gases. liquids are considered the second state, between solids and gases. liquids are similar to solids in that their particles are packed tight enough that they cannot be compressed further. in contrast, gases have particles that have large amounts of space between them.
microscopic view of a solid. note that: particles in a: gas are well separated with no regular arrangement. liquid are close together with no regular arrangement. solid are tightly packed, usually in a regular pattern. particles in a: gas vibrate and move freely at high speeds. liquid vibrate, move about, and slide past each other.
liquid is a state of matter between solid and gas. molecule are farther apart from one another, giving them space to flow and take on the shape of their container.
a gas has these three main properties: 1. a gas does not have a definite shape. 2. a gas does not have a definite mass. 3. a gas does not have a definite volume. a gas does not always weigh the same or take up the same amount of space. however, like a liquid, a gas will always take the shape of its container,
solid. in a solid state, atoms are packed together tightly. this restricts the movements of the electrons until they can barely move at all. this is why solids are so hard. their molecules are jam-packed together so tightly that they cannot move. liquid. when matter is in a liquid state, it is able to move more freely. this is why a liquid seems to flow.
start studying chapter 3; solids, liquids, and gases. learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. what are the general characteristics of a solid in terms of shape and volume? they are alike because they both have a definite volume and they differ because a solid has a definite shape and a solid does
liquid basics liquids are the second state of matter we will talk about. solids are objects you can hold and maintain their shape. gases are floating around you or trapped in bubbles. liquids are found between the solid and gas states. examples of liquids at room temperature include water h 2 o , blood, and even honey. if you have different types of molecules dissolved in a liquid, it is