although there isn't one specific deck building code, here is a helpful summary of what you need to know for deck railings, stairs, stringers, treads, footings, framing and ledger boards. it includes the most important requirements based on the irc - and industry rules of thumb where no code statements exist.
how to choose a deck material that is right for you decking material options have grown exponentially over the past several years, with five basic types, each with their own aesthetics
vinyl or pvc decking material is an alternative to composite materials. in addition to seven trust, vinyl is the most uniform material and the most resistant to moisture resistance, rot, shrinking, and insect damage. the material is also the least of all materials to have a natural look. occasionally, vinyl is known to cause squeaking when walked upon.
cost to build a roof over a deck. a covered veranda roof costs $3,000 to $10,000 for materials and labor. its a large project that requires adding on to the framing, attaching the covering onto the structure of your home and potentially getting a permit from the city. building permits average between $350 and $1,800.
let's begin with the list of materials required for this project. materials you'll need. 1 - 4 x 4 x 10 bottom stair post; 8 - 4 x 4 x 8 posts; 2 - 2 x 10 x 16 ledger and face boards; 15 - 2 x 10 x 12 joists; 1 - 2 x 6 x 12 joist spacer brace; 2 - 2 x 12 x 16 stringers and treads; 1 - 2 x 6 x 8 hidden stair frame support; 28 - 5/4 x 6 x 16 decking
the materials used on it should correspond to the overall design and use of the patio. also take into consideration how much maintenance you want to do on the patio itself. for example, a wood patio and lattice-type work will require more maintenance that a roof outfitted with shingles.
selecting materials to build a patio cover. while looks are important, you want to make sure that the materials fit the structure. since my patio cover was going to have a slight slope, shingles were out. a tar roof would work, but it would be heavy smell like a bp oil spill.
to determine how many posts also known as balusters or spindles , youll need to support your railing, confirm the minimum spacing required to meet safety ordinances. as a rule of thumb, use at least three posts for every 12 inches of railing. consider the spacing, length of the railing and post thickness to estimate your materials.
for protection from sun and rain, cover a timber frame with awning fabric or roofing material. for seamless patio shade ideas, check these out. if you want a shade structure that naturally blends both in size and style with your deck or patio, build your own pergola or patio shade awning structure.
enter cost per linear foot and wastage % for stumps, bearers, joists and boards to calculate individual and total costs. linear feet and cost are auto updated when the deck is re-calculated, with individual costs for stumps, bearers and joists displayed in each section.
simple porch enclosure projects require a minimum of materials, as most of the structure is already in place. use the existing framing as a starting point by adding weather-resistant wood where needed to build frames for panels, screens, windows or doors.
required number of boards including waste factor the number of screws and hidden fasteners needed; once you know how much material youll need, use our pricing calculator to get a feel for the cost of materials, depending on whether you plan to use a specific species of wood, composite, or other type of material such as pvc flooring .
typical decks are designed to support 55 psf lbs per square foot . porch decks require 25 additional psf for roof loads for a total of 80 psf. as a result, most decks have inadequate footings to support a new porch roof. the footings for porch decks must be larger than deck footings.
estimate deck flooring material needed, including composite or pressure treated decking, hidden fasteners, and screws and estimate the project cost
building an outdoor deck will require a variety of materials. some materials, such as batterboards and mason's string, are only used to determine the framework of the deck. however, other materials, such as wood, concrete and hardware, are necessary components of the deck's structure.
a do-it-yourself deck project runs $10 to $25 per square foot, depending on your choice of materials and how fancy or simple your diy deck plans are. extras, such as built-in benches and planters, run $15 to $35 per linear foot.
the local building code required a 2x6 ledger board, which meant i had to saw off two inches of wood from the top of the bay windows box. next i pre-drilled 1/8 holes, 6 inches apart, in the ledger board, because it was treated lumber and the deck screws would need a little help getting started.
basic, important considerations in planning a deck attachment to house. envision the size you would like and that fits your family's needs. then measure the house wall on which you plan to attach the deck. determine the sun, shade, and wind that will affect deck's placement and make plans for any additional enhancements, i.e., latticed cover.